Generic Macrobid (nitrofurantoin monohydrate)
Macrobid
Macrobid is used to treat infections specific to urinary tract (acute cystitis).
Package
Price
Per Pills
Savings
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Order
50 mg x 120 pills
$99.99
$0.83
$0.00
Next orders 10% discount
50 mg x 180 pills
$133.99
$0.74
$16.20
Next orders 10% discount
50 mg x 360 pills
$241.99
$0.67
$57.60
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Package
Price
Per Pills
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100 mg x 30 pills
$60.99
$2.03
$0.00
Next orders 10% discount
100 mg x 60 pills
$105.99
$1.77
$15.60
Next orders 10% discount
100 mg x 90 pills
$147.99
$1.64
$35.10
Next orders 10% discount
100 mg x 120 pills
$181.99
$1.52
$61.20
Next orders 10% discount
100 mg x 180 pills
$249.99
$1.39
$115.20
Next orders 10% discount
Free standard airmail service
100 mg x 360 pills
$454.99
$1.26
$277.20
Next orders 10% discount
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Product Description
Common use

Macrobid is a wide spectrum antibiotic. It inhibits construction of a bacterial cell wall, synthesis of a bacterial DNA and RNA, proteins, inhibits aerobic metabolism. This medication is used to treat bacterial infections of the urinary tract caused by E. Coli, Enterobacter cystitis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Enterococcus, Klebsiella such as pyelitis, pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis, to prevent infections during urological surgeries, cystoscopy, catheterization. Macrobid is a sustained release macrocrystalline form of the antibiotic. Nitrofuranton is also available in a microcrystalline form (Furadantin), and a macrocrystalline form (Macrodantin). Absorption of the medication depends on the size of crystals and presence of food in the gastrointestinal tract.



Dosage and directions

Take 100 mg of Macrobid every 12 hours. Taking with a meal or milk increase its absorption and helps to avoid your stomach upset. Usual course of treatment continues seven days. Follow all recommendations of your doctor. Do not stop or start this medication without your doctor's permission.



Precautions

Before to take Macrobid inform your doctor if you have kidney disease, anemia, diabetes, an electrolyte imbalance, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, vitamin B deficiency, any type of debilitating disease. This medication can change results of urine glucose tests. This medication may cause diarrhea, if you have watery or bloody stools inform your doctor about. Do not take any antidiarrhea medication unless it was administered to you as diarrhea may be a sign of a new infection.



Contraindications

Macrobid cannot be used in patients with kidney or liver failure, jaundice in history, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, acute porphyria, pregnancy, in children under 12 years of age. Breastfeeding should be interrupted when on Macrobid.



Possible side effect

The most common adverse reactions are headache, dizziness, drowsiness, allergic reactions (rash, itching), nausea, vomiting. In rare cases diarrhea, loss of appetite, pseudomembranous colitis, and abdominal pain may occur.



Drug interaction

High doses of probenecid (Benemid) or sulfinpyrazone (Anturane) can inhibit secretion by kidney channels and decrease urine levels of Macrobid. Consequently blood concentrations of Macrobid increases as well as the risk of toxicity. Antibacteral effect of Macrobid is reduced by nalidixic acid, while is absorption is decreased by antacids which contain magnesium trisilicate. Co-administration with quinolone antibiotics such as norfloxacin (Noroxin) reduces their effects.



Missed dose

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember unless it is almost time of your next dose. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and return dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to make up the missed dose.



Overdose

Symptoms of overdose include nausea or vomiting. If you suppose that too much of Macrobid was taken seek immediate medical attention.



Storage

Store at room temperature in a tight container, away from moisture and humidity.



Disclaimer

We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information at the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Accutane

Other names used:

  • Roaccutane®

Active Ingredients:

  • Isotretionin

How does Accutane work and what pharmaceutical group does it belong to?

Isotretionin the active ingredient of Accutane belongs to a group of drugs called retinoids, which are used mainly in treatment of skin disorders. The exact mechanism of Accutane is not currently known however it is clinically determined that the drug exerts dose-dependent suppressive effect on the sebaceous glands activity and decreases their size. The drug also expresses anti-inflammatory effect on skin as well as inhibits the formation of comedones. The effects of the drug are temporary however the acne remissions may be controlled.

Which conditions are treated with Isotretinoin?

The drug is indicated in treatment of:

  • Severe cystic acne vulgaris
  • Acne rosacea
  • Hidradenitis suppurativa

What should a patient know before using Accutane?

The Isotretinoin should not be used in cases of:

  • Known hypersensitivity to any components of the preparation or to other retinoids
  • Pregnancy
  • Liver or renal failure
  • Vitamin A hypervitaminosis
  • Severe hyperlipidemia

Tell your doctor about the following if any apply to you:

  • You have relatives with increased levels of lipids in blood and are predisposed to hyperlipidemia
  • You or your relatives suffer from diabetes
  • You are suffering from Alcoholism
  • You are treating a depression

Which adverse effects may manifest when using the medication?

The side effects of Accutane include:

  • Vitamin A hypervitaminosis manifested in the following: dry skin and mucous membranes, haemorrhage in the nasal cavity, hoarseness, conjunctivitis and etc.
  • Skin problems: rash, itching, facial dermatitis, sweatiness, hyperpigmentation, reversible allopecia and etc.
  • Locomotor system: muscle pain, joint pain, hyperostosis, tendonitis
  • CNS: behavior changes, depression, headache, increased intracranial pressure, seizures
  • Sensory organs: decreased vision acuity, photosensibilisation, cataract, decreased hearing , keratitis
  • Gastrointestinal tract: nausea, colitis, GI hemorrhage, rarely hepatitis.
  • Respiratory organs: bronchospasm
  • Haemopoietic system: decreased leukocyte and erythrocyte levels, increase or decrease of thrombocyte levels
  • Immune system: local or systemic infections caused be gram-positive bacteria
  • Other: Hematuria, pancreatitis, vasculitis, lymphadenopathy

It is not necessary that the side effects will manifest in an individual but the possibility still exist. For more information please consult your health care provider.

Which groups of drugs or specific preparations may interact with Isotretinoin?

The drug is affected by the following:

  • Vitamin A supplements
  • Corticosteroids
  • Tetracycline antibiotics
  • Epilepsy treatment
  • Oral contraceptives
  • St.John's worth

Tell your doctor about all the herbal preparations as well as prescription drugs that you are currently taking even if they are not on the list.

Important information for the patient: Accutane is supplied for individual use. Do not use it to treat other conditions not listed in the leaflet. Keep the product out of children reach. Do not reuse any disposable materials if supplied with the preparation.