Careprost (Bimatoprost)
Careprost
Careprost eye drops is a drug commonly used to lower the intra ocular pressure in patients with glaucoma. High intra ocular pressure is caused by a build up of fluid in the eye, and can damage the optic nerve which can lead in time to blindness.
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Product Description

Common use

Careprost eye drops will mediate the lowering of the intra ocular pressure by facilitating the excretion of the fluid that has built up inside the eye. The fluid is called aqueous humour and is secreted and also excreted by our eyes constantly. When the excretion process becomes slow, Careprost eye drops aids. Careprost eyedrops work because they contain bimatoprost, an analogue of a prostglandin like chemical that has, including others, the caracteristic of lowering the intra ocular pressure by aiding the drainage of the aqueous humour. Thus, the intra oculare pressure is normalized and the risk of optic nerve damage is reduced dramatically.

Dosage and direction

Careprost eye drops 0.03% should be applied daily in the affected eye, following the instructions provided by your physician or pharmacist. Wearing contact lenses interferes with the effects of Careprost eye drops 0.03%. Before applying Careprost eye drops, you should remove your contact lenses, and after the drops have had their effect (usula fifteen minutes), you should replace them. There is no specific span of time in which you should use Careprost eye drops, each patient has different response to the treatment and you should follow your doctor’s orders. This means that you may be required to use the drops for several months or even years. The goal of using Careprost eye drops is lowering intra oculare pressure, but this will not cure glaucoma.

Precautions

Because Careprost eye drops may cause your vision to get blurry, it is highly recommended that you stop all activities that may put your life in danger. Do not operate heavy machinery, do not drive. For fifteen minutes after using Careprost eye drops, rest.

Contraindications

You should not use Careprost eye drops if one of the following situations is valid:
*you are allergic to bimatoprost or other ingredients contained by Careprost eye drops
*you are pregnant, intend on becoming pregnant or breastfeeding
*have liver, kidney, or respiratory diseases

Possible side effect

The most commonly reported side effects when using Careprost eye drops 0.03% include: red congested eyes (conjunctival hyperaemia), itching, irritation or inflammation of the eye (conjunctivitis) and eyelid (blepharitis), sensitivity to light, an increase in colouring or pigment of area around eye, visual changes, eyelash darkening, darkening of the iris, headache, dizziness.
If you are experiencing any of these side effects on a daily basis, report them to your doctor immediately.

Drug interaction

If the patient is using other drugs, whether they are prescribed by a doctor or bought over the counter, the combination of drugs may lead to Careprost eye drops not working properly. If you are using other types of eye drops, consult your doctor and tell him the names of the drugs that you are using before starting to use Careprost eye drops.
Careprost eye drops may interact with Latanoprost

Missed dose

If you happen to miss a dose of Careprost eye drops, take it as soon as you remember, as long as it is not already time to take the next dose. Do not use double dosage to make up for the missed one.

Overdose

There are no such serious effects of overdose. On conditions that overdose is suspected the sufferer must seek a doctor’s advice.

Storage

Careprost eye drops should be stored in a cool place, without moisture, where the temperature is below 25 Celsius. Four weeks after you have opened the Careprost eye drops bottle, you should discard it. Keep the bottle away from children.

Disclaimer

We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information at the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

 

Accutane

Other names used:

  • Roaccutane®

Active Ingredients:

  • Isotretionin

How does Accutane work and what pharmaceutical group does it belong to?

Isotretionin the active ingredient of Accutane belongs to a group of drugs called retinoids, which are used mainly in treatment of skin disorders. The exact mechanism of Accutane is not currently known however it is clinically determined that the drug exerts dose-dependent suppressive effect on the sebaceous glands activity and decreases their size. The drug also expresses anti-inflammatory effect on skin as well as inhibits the formation of comedones. The effects of the drug are temporary however the acne remissions may be controlled.

Which conditions are treated with Isotretinoin?

The drug is indicated in treatment of:

  • Severe cystic acne vulgaris
  • Acne rosacea
  • Hidradenitis suppurativa

What should a patient know before using Accutane?

The Isotretinoin should not be used in cases of:

  • Known hypersensitivity to any components of the preparation or to other retinoids
  • Pregnancy
  • Liver or renal failure
  • Vitamin A hypervitaminosis
  • Severe hyperlipidemia

Tell your doctor about the following if any apply to you:

  • You have relatives with increased levels of lipids in blood and are predisposed to hyperlipidemia
  • You or your relatives suffer from diabetes
  • You are suffering from Alcoholism
  • You are treating a depression

Which adverse effects may manifest when using the medication?

The side effects of Accutane include:

  • Vitamin A hypervitaminosis manifested in the following: dry skin and mucous membranes, haemorrhage in the nasal cavity, hoarseness, conjunctivitis and etc.
  • Skin problems: rash, itching, facial dermatitis, sweatiness, hyperpigmentation, reversible allopecia and etc.
  • Locomotor system: muscle pain, joint pain, hyperostosis, tendonitis
  • CNS: behavior changes, depression, headache, increased intracranial pressure, seizures
  • Sensory organs: decreased vision acuity, photosensibilisation, cataract, decreased hearing , keratitis
  • Gastrointestinal tract: nausea, colitis, GI hemorrhage, rarely hepatitis.
  • Respiratory organs: bronchospasm
  • Haemopoietic system: decreased leukocyte and erythrocyte levels, increase or decrease of thrombocyte levels
  • Immune system: local or systemic infections caused be gram-positive bacteria
  • Other: Hematuria, pancreatitis, vasculitis, lymphadenopathy

It is not necessary that the side effects will manifest in an individual but the possibility still exist. For more information please consult your health care provider.

Which groups of drugs or specific preparations may interact with Isotretinoin?

The drug is affected by the following:

  • Vitamin A supplements
  • Corticosteroids
  • Tetracycline antibiotics
  • Epilepsy treatment
  • Oral contraceptives
  • St.John's worth

Tell your doctor about all the herbal preparations as well as prescription drugs that you are currently taking even if they are not on the list.

Important information for the patient: Accutane is supplied for individual use. Do not use it to treat other conditions not listed in the leaflet. Keep the product out of children reach. Do not reuse any disposable materials if supplied with the preparation.