Generic Aldactone (Spironolactone)
Aldactone
Aldactone is a diuretic (water pill) indicated to treat hypertension, fluid retention associated with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, and nephrotic syndrome.
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25 mg x 30 pills
$21.99
$0.73
$0.00
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25 mg x 60 pills
$34.99
$0.58
$9.00
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25 mg x 90 pills
$46.99
$0.52
$18.90
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25 mg x 120 pills
$56.99
$0.47
$31.20
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25 mg x 180 pills
$76.99
$0.43
$54.00
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25 mg x 360 pills
$137.99
$0.38
$126.00
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100 mg x 30 pills
$41.99
$1.40
$0.00
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100 mg x 60 pills
$66.99
$1.12
$16.80
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100 mg x 90 pills
$89.99
$1.00
$36.00
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100 mg x 120 pills
$107.99
$0.90
$60.00
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100 mg x 180 pills
$145.99
$0.81
$106.20
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Product Description
Common use

Magnium and potassium-sparing diuretic and aldosterone antagonist. It competitively associates with aldosterone receptors in in the distal parts of the nephron. It has a diuretic effect, increases excretion of natrium ions and decreases excretion of potassium and magnium, decreases urinary acidity. The diuretic effect of the medicine is moderate and appears usually after 2-5 days of treatment and continues during 2-3 days after discontinuance of the medicine intake. A weak hypotension effect appear usually in 2-3 weeks of treatment. Aldactone is used in combination with other drugs to treat hypertension. It also facilitates removal of excess fluid from the body in congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, and kidney disease.



Dosage and direction

Daily dose for adults in arterial hypertension, edema syndrome is 50-100 mg for adults. It should be divided into 1-2 intakes a day. On necessity the dose maybe gradually increased up to 200 mg a day. Duration of treatment is not less than two weeks. For other conditions such as chronic congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome and others different dosage maybe recommended. Consult your doctor before you decide to take this medicine. Aldactone should be taken after a meal and the most preferable is a single dose before bedtime.



Precautions

Do not drink alcohol as it increases some of the side effects of Aldactone. Avoid eating too much salt because excess of alt maybe cause your body to retain water and effectiveness of Aldactone decreases. It is recommended not to take salt substitutes or low-sodium milk products which contain potassium. Avoid becoming overheated or dehydrated during exercising. Talk with your doctor about amount of liquids you should consume. Do not stop using this medicine even if you feel improvement of youth health if you are being treated for high blood pressure.



Contraindication

Hypersensitivity, Addison disease, hypercaliemia, hyperpotassiemia, concomitant intake with potassium supplements or other potassium-sparing diuretics such as Aldactazide, amiloride (Midamor, Moduretic), triamterene (Dyrenium, Dyazide, Maxzide), hyponatriemia, chronic kidney failure, diabetic nephropathy, anuria, liver failure, diabetes at supposed chronic kidney failure, diabetic nephropathy, pregnancy, and some others. Please take this medicine only if it is advised by your doctor.



Possible side effect

Side effects of the medicine include headache, diarrhea, cramps, drowsiness, rash, nausea, vomiting, impotence, irregular menstrual periods, and irregular hair growth. Fluid and electrolytes imbalance are likely, so patients should be monitored carefully. Enlargement of the breasts may also occur depending on dose and duration of therapy. This condition is usually reversible when you discontinue to take Aldactone.



Drug interaction



This medicine can lower blood sodium levels while raising blood potassium levels. Excessively high potassium levels in blood sometimes cause potentially life-threatening abnormalities in heart rhythm. Therefore, Aldactone usually is not administered with other agents that can raise blood potassium levels. Aldactone can cause elevation of blood digoxin (Lanoxin) to toxic levels.



Missed dose



Never take a double dose of this medication. If it is almost time of the next dose just skip the missed portion and continue to take the medicine according to the schedule.



Overdose



Immediate medical attention in needed in case you overdosed intake of the medicine. Overdose symptoms may include drowsiness, confusion, red skin rash, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.



Storage

Aldactone should be stored at room temperature, below 25 C (77 F).



Disclaimer

We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information at the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Accutane

Other names used:

  • Roaccutane®

Active Ingredients:

  • Isotretionin

How does Accutane work and what pharmaceutical group does it belong to?

Isotretionin the active ingredient of Accutane belongs to a group of drugs called retinoids, which are used mainly in treatment of skin disorders. The exact mechanism of Accutane is not currently known however it is clinically determined that the drug exerts dose-dependent suppressive effect on the sebaceous glands activity and decreases their size. The drug also expresses anti-inflammatory effect on skin as well as inhibits the formation of comedones. The effects of the drug are temporary however the acne remissions may be controlled.

Which conditions are treated with Isotretinoin?

The drug is indicated in treatment of:

  • Severe cystic acne vulgaris
  • Acne rosacea
  • Hidradenitis suppurativa

What should a patient know before using Accutane?

The Isotretinoin should not be used in cases of:

  • Known hypersensitivity to any components of the preparation or to other retinoids
  • Pregnancy
  • Liver or renal failure
  • Vitamin A hypervitaminosis
  • Severe hyperlipidemia

Tell your doctor about the following if any apply to you:

  • You have relatives with increased levels of lipids in blood and are predisposed to hyperlipidemia
  • You or your relatives suffer from diabetes
  • You are suffering from Alcoholism
  • You are treating a depression

Which adverse effects may manifest when using the medication?

The side effects of Accutane include:

  • Vitamin A hypervitaminosis manifested in the following: dry skin and mucous membranes, haemorrhage in the nasal cavity, hoarseness, conjunctivitis and etc.
  • Skin problems: rash, itching, facial dermatitis, sweatiness, hyperpigmentation, reversible allopecia and etc.
  • Locomotor system: muscle pain, joint pain, hyperostosis, tendonitis
  • CNS: behavior changes, depression, headache, increased intracranial pressure, seizures
  • Sensory organs: decreased vision acuity, photosensibilisation, cataract, decreased hearing , keratitis
  • Gastrointestinal tract: nausea, colitis, GI hemorrhage, rarely hepatitis.
  • Respiratory organs: bronchospasm
  • Haemopoietic system: decreased leukocyte and erythrocyte levels, increase or decrease of thrombocyte levels
  • Immune system: local or systemic infections caused be gram-positive bacteria
  • Other: Hematuria, pancreatitis, vasculitis, lymphadenopathy

It is not necessary that the side effects will manifest in an individual but the possibility still exist. For more information please consult your health care provider.

Which groups of drugs or specific preparations may interact with Isotretinoin?

The drug is affected by the following:

  • Vitamin A supplements
  • Corticosteroids
  • Tetracycline antibiotics
  • Epilepsy treatment
  • Oral contraceptives
  • St.John's worth

Tell your doctor about all the herbal preparations as well as prescription drugs that you are currently taking even if they are not on the list.

Important information for the patient: Accutane is supplied for individual use. Do not use it to treat other conditions not listed in the leaflet. Keep the product out of children reach. Do not reuse any disposable materials if supplied with the preparation.