Generic Dapsone (Diaminodiphenyl sulfone)
Dapsone
Dapsone is used alone or co-administered with other drugs to treat leprosy and dermatitis herpetiformis (itching lesions on the elbows, knees, and scalp).
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1000 caps x 1 bottle
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Product Description
Common use

Dapsone is anti-infective medication used in combination with rifampicin and clofaziminein treatment of dermatitis herpetiformis (a skin condition) and leprosy (Hansen's disease) caused by Mycobacterium leprae, pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis jiroveci. In combination with pyrimethamine it is used to treat malaria



Dosage and direction

Take Dapsone with a full glass of water. To decrease upset stomach symptoms you may take this medication with food. Take this drug about each time the same day to get the most benefit from it. The dose of Dapsone depends on your condition. To treat leprosy in adults take 50-100 mg orally once daily for 2-5 years. Take 50 mg of Dapsone orally once daily to treat dermatitis herpetiformis. The recommended dose may be increased to 300 mg a day. To treat pneumocystis pneumonia in adults take 100 mg orally one time a day for two or three weeks. Follow all instructions of your doctor. Do not take more Dapsone than it was recommended.



Precautions

This medication may cause rare but fatal liver or blood problems which are characterized by such signs as bruising or pinpoint red spots on the skin, sore throat, fever, pale skin, jaundice and especially rash. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience the symptoms listed above. In rare cases may lead to serious, and even fatal, skin reactions. Inform your doctor if you have methemoglobin reductase deficiency (hemoglobin M), glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, liver disease. Avoid exposing of your body to direct sun rays as this medication may cause increased skin sensitivity.



Contraindications

Do not use Dapsone in patients with hypersensitivity to the drug.



Possible side effect

If any sign of allergic reaction appear contact your doctor immediately. These include hives, rash, facial swelling, difficulty breathing. Inform your doctor immediately if you have pale skin, bruising or pinpoint red spots on the skin, sore throat, fever, jaundice, muscle weakness, numbness or tingling, bluish skin color, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, unusual tiredness, dark colored urine or pale colored stools.



Drug interaction

Rifampin decreases blood levels of Dapsone. Folic acid antagonists such as pyrimethamine increase possibility of hematologic reactions.



Missed dose

Never take a double dose of this medication. If it is almost time of the next dose just skip the missed portion and continue to take the medicine according to the schedule.



Overdose

If you have such symptoms as excitation, seizures, nausea, vomiting, and bluish skin color contact your doctor immediately or seek emergency medical help.



Storage

Store tablets at room temperature between 15-30 C (59-86 F) in a dry tight container away from moisture and sunlight.



Disclaimer

We provide only general information about medications which does not cover all directions, possible drug integrations, or precautions. Information at the site cannot be used for self-treatment and self-diagnosis. Any specific instructions for a particular patient should be agreed with your health care adviser or doctor in charge of the case. We disclaim reliability of this information and mistakes it could contain. We are not responsible for any direct, indirect, special or other indirect damage as a result of any use of the information on this site and also for consequences of self-treatment.

Accutane

Other names used:

  • Roaccutane®

Active Ingredients:

  • Isotretionin

How does Accutane work and what pharmaceutical group does it belong to?

Isotretionin the active ingredient of Accutane belongs to a group of drugs called retinoids, which are used mainly in treatment of skin disorders. The exact mechanism of Accutane is not currently known however it is clinically determined that the drug exerts dose-dependent suppressive effect on the sebaceous glands activity and decreases their size. The drug also expresses anti-inflammatory effect on skin as well as inhibits the formation of comedones. The effects of the drug are temporary however the acne remissions may be controlled.

Which conditions are treated with Isotretinoin?

The drug is indicated in treatment of:

  • Severe cystic acne vulgaris
  • Acne rosacea
  • Hidradenitis suppurativa

What should a patient know before using Accutane?

The Isotretinoin should not be used in cases of:

  • Known hypersensitivity to any components of the preparation or to other retinoids
  • Pregnancy
  • Liver or renal failure
  • Vitamin A hypervitaminosis
  • Severe hyperlipidemia

Tell your doctor about the following if any apply to you:

  • You have relatives with increased levels of lipids in blood and are predisposed to hyperlipidemia
  • You or your relatives suffer from diabetes
  • You are suffering from Alcoholism
  • You are treating a depression

Which adverse effects may manifest when using the medication?

The side effects of Accutane include:

  • Vitamin A hypervitaminosis manifested in the following: dry skin and mucous membranes, haemorrhage in the nasal cavity, hoarseness, conjunctivitis and etc.
  • Skin problems: rash, itching, facial dermatitis, sweatiness, hyperpigmentation, reversible allopecia and etc.
  • Locomotor system: muscle pain, joint pain, hyperostosis, tendonitis
  • CNS: behavior changes, depression, headache, increased intracranial pressure, seizures
  • Sensory organs: decreased vision acuity, photosensibilisation, cataract, decreased hearing , keratitis
  • Gastrointestinal tract: nausea, colitis, GI hemorrhage, rarely hepatitis.
  • Respiratory organs: bronchospasm
  • Haemopoietic system: decreased leukocyte and erythrocyte levels, increase or decrease of thrombocyte levels
  • Immune system: local or systemic infections caused be gram-positive bacteria
  • Other: Hematuria, pancreatitis, vasculitis, lymphadenopathy

It is not necessary that the side effects will manifest in an individual but the possibility still exist. For more information please consult your health care provider.

Which groups of drugs or specific preparations may interact with Isotretinoin?

The drug is affected by the following:

  • Vitamin A supplements
  • Corticosteroids
  • Tetracycline antibiotics
  • Epilepsy treatment
  • Oral contraceptives
  • St.John's worth

Tell your doctor about all the herbal preparations as well as prescription drugs that you are currently taking even if they are not on the list.

Important information for the patient: Accutane is supplied for individual use. Do not use it to treat other conditions not listed in the leaflet. Keep the product out of children reach. Do not reuse any disposable materials if supplied with the preparation.